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哮喘儿童家长哮喘知识的掌握水平的研究

2018/11/02

   摘要
   目的:评估学校哮喘儿童家长的哮喘知识的掌握水平。
   方法:对哮喘儿童 (轻度、中度和重度) 的家长进行了一项跨部门研究, 随后在巴西南部地区儿童哮喘门诊转诊中心 (哮喘组) 进行了调查。在缓解期的哮喘儿童的家长和健康儿童的父母也被选中 (对照组)。两组均采用纽卡斯尔哮喘知识问卷 (NAKQ) 。
   结果:共有154儿童家长参加了这项研究。其中,哮喘组 62人 (40.26%), 对照组 92 人(59.74%), 平均年龄为35.60±10.03 岁。其中, 132人 (85.7%) 为女性, 72人 (46.8%)的家长高中毕业。知识掌握水平的平均得分是18.06±4.11。只有30.5%的家长对哮喘认知水平尚可, 哮喘组比对照组更高(41.9% 对 22.8%, p = 0.01)。新城哮喘知识问卷 (NAKQ) 平均评分在哮喘组 (19.32±3.92 与17.21±4.03、p = 0.001) 分别较高。轻度和中度哮喘儿童家长得分高于重度哮喘儿童家长 (19.5 和 19.9, 18.2 点, p = 0.02)。
   结论:大多数父母对哮喘知识的掌握水平不理想, 这加强了对公共哮喘管理计划改变的需要。

 
(中日友好医院呼吸与危重症医学科 禹汶伯 摘译 林江涛 审校)
(Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2018 Jun 7;16(2):eAO4204.)

 
 
 
Levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of asthmatic children.

Roncada C, Cardoso TA, Bugança BM, Bischoff LC, Soldera K, Pitrez PM.

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of school children.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with parents of children with medical diagnosis of asthma (mild, moderate and severe), followed up at an outpatient referral center for childhood asthma in the Southern region of Brazil (Asthma Group). Parents of children with asthma in remission and healthy children were also selected (Control Group). The Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (NAKQ) questionnaire was applied in both groups.
RESULTS: A total of 154 parents of children participated in the study; in that, 62 (40.26%) in the Asthma Group, and 92 (59.74%) in the Control Group, with a mean age of 35.60±10.03 years. Of these, 132 (85.7%) were female, and 72 (46.8%) parents studied up to high school. The average score of level of knowledge was 18.06±4.11 points. Only 30.5% parents had acceptable levels of knowledge about asthma, which were more prevalent in the Asthma Group than in the Control Group (41.9% versus 22.8%, p=0.01). The mean score in Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (NAKQ) was higher in the Asthma Group (19.32±3.92 versus 17.21±4.03, p=0.001), respectively. The parents with mild and moderate asthmatic children scored more than those of severe asthma (19.5 and 19.9 versus 18.2 points, p=0.02).
CONCLUSION: Most parents had an unsatisfactory level of knowledge about asthma, which reinforces the need for changes in public asthma management programs.




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